Guizhou province is a province of various minority groups. Apart from Han nationality, there are 48 minorities living in Guizhou. Each minority group has a long history and has preserved her own unique cultures and customs. It is the special environment of multi-ethnics and multi-cultures that makes Guizhou the birthplace of many attractive specialties, which are also the main tourism products attracting tourists from inside and outside the province besides rich natural resources.
Guizhou specialties are various kinds, mainly including a variety of cigarettes, wines, teas, herbs, marvellous rocks and many other craft products, some of which are not only endowed with a high technological value, but also are reflecting the living conditions of the local residents. The following paragraphes will give a general introduction to some of the famous local specialties in Guizhou province.
Specialties in Guiyang city:
Lao Gan Ma Chili sauce
Lao Gan Ma Chili Black Bean Sauce is one of the famous specialties with more than 30 years history in Guiyang, its founder is Tao HuaBi. Lao Gan Ma Serious of products include flavored bean curd, flavored oil chicken and flavored oil Tofu. Lao Gan Ma serious of products are carefully brewed by traditional skills. The taste of the sauces is delicious, the flavor is long lasting, not spicy at all.
Shan Li Mei Miao Family tea
Shan Li Mei(sisters in mountains) Miao Family tea series of products include Shan Li Mei Rhizoma Gastrodia tea, Shan Li Mei Ganoderma tea and Shan Li Mei Eucommia tea. With many kinds of unique medicinal herbs from deep mountains as the main ingredients and with the unique formula of local miorities, the Shan Li Mei serous of tea products are made by scientific methods. The tea is invigorating Qi and nourishing blood, the taste is distinctive.
Guizhou Hong Prickly Pear Wine
Guizhou Hong prickly pear wine is the main product of Guizhou Shanren Wine corporation, Ltd. With the wild prickly pear, the King of Vitamin C, as the main ingredient, the Guizhou Hong prickly pear wines are made through Scientific and exquisite methods. The wines also have the function of preventing and fighting cancer disease and treating scurvy.
Chen Qiubai logs painting
The logs painting was created by Chen Qiubai, an art teacher from Guizhou Normal university. During his teaching years, Chen created the skills of logs painting. The methods are as follows: First, cut branches or trunks of trees into round logs of different sizes, then use these logs of different sizes to create a variety of beautiful craft patterns. The logs painting is simple and beautiful and also with high value of art.
Guiyang Xiongjing Sculpture
Guiyang Xiongjin sculpture, also known as ruby, is the crystallization of realgar ore. It has a long history of over 400 years. The sculpture has the functions of abolishing poison and healing wounds.
Specialties in Zunyi city:
Zunyi MaoFeng tea
Zunyi MaoFeng tea is a category of green tea. It was created in 1974 to commemorate the famous Zunyi Meeting. The tea bud is round, green and fine. The tea soup is clear. MaoFeng tea is also endowed with special symbolic meaning: Straight lines of the tea leaf bud represent dauntless heroism of the Chinese Red Army soldiers, the white silver leaf bud is a symbol of Zunyi Meeting’s bright spirit; the long lasting sweet taste, a symbol of the Red Army martyrs' everlasting revolutionary spirit.
The time to pick the tea is about Tomb sweeping day (April 5th). It is usually said the quality of the tea picked before the Tomb sweeping day is the best. The characteristic of the Meijiang Cuiya is that its shape is flat and smooth, and looks like the sunflower seeds. After brewing, the tea leaves are becoming flat and straight and suddenly blossom like a flower with a sweet flagrance flavor. The main process is divided into 5 procedures. In April 2004, Meijiang tea won the gold medal in the Tea Competition of Guizhou province.
Fenggang Zinc- Elenium Organic tea.
Fenggang Zinc- Elenium Organic tea is famous for its rich elements of Zinc and Elenium, it is awarded by the National Environment of Protection Bureau the geographical indication of protection products. Fenggang Zinc- Elenium Organic tea include the green tea and black tea which are made of the ingredients of fresh tea growing in Fenggang county. Long-term consumption of the organic tea can supplement the body's element of zinc, selenium, etc.
Moutai is the National Wine of China. It is also known as the Friendship Wine and Diplomatic Wine. Moutai is produced in the town of Renhuai in Zunyi city. The local high quality wheat and sorghum are raw materials of Moutai, and the brewing technology is unique through lots of processes. The wine liquid is elegant and delicate, and the taste lasts long. Plus, Moutai belongs to the green food that has a lot of beneficial elements to human body. It also says that Drinking Moutai brings you health !
Dong jiu (Dong wine)
Dong jiu is one of China's eight famous wines, it is the only representative of the Special Type of the major Five flavor types of the alchol. With the local high-quality sorghum as the main raw material, and with the mineral water with a variety of elements for the brewing water, Dong jiu is fermentated with more than 130 kinds of precious traditional Chinese medicines through a unique scientific method. The wine is clear and transparent, the taste is elegant and delicate.
Xi jiu (Xi wine)
Xi jiu was named after an ancient country Xi. it is a Moutai-flavor wine. The water from Chishui River and the local high-quality sorghum and wheat are the raw materials of Xijiu. Xijiu requires eight TIMES of fermentation and nine times of distillation. It is also known as the Crown of wines.
Specialties in An-shun city:
Anshun city is known as the home of batik. Anshun batik is an ancient and unique hand-painted art, which belongs to the art of local Miao and Buyi people passed through generations of excellent folks of their groups. Anshun batik varies much in its drawing styles and patterns which has great value for research and appreciation. It is also known as The Number One Batik In the Orient. Anshun batik has been used for furnishings and treated as precious gift for friends during a travel.
Zhenning Bobo candy.
Zhenning Bobo candy is a kind of traditional ethnic dessert in Buyi and Miao autonomous county in Anshun city. It has a very sweet tastes and some people call it Luo kou su( melt immediately in mouth). The main features of the candy are sweet and crispy.
Dixi Opera masks.
Dixi opera masks in Anshun city are also known as Lao lian zi (Old mask), which is filled with abundant local cultures. The engraving patterns on the masks show the exquisite carving skills of the folk artists of Anshun city. It is also one of the main tourist handicraft souvenirs for tourists.
Anshun Buyi carpet.
Anshun Buyi carpet is made of pure high quality wool with comfortable texture. The carpet is painted with various patterns, and is rich with Buyi style charmings. The producing process of the Buyi Carpet in Anshun city is comparablely complex and the skills are exquisite. Buyi carpet shows in the markets of Japan, Canada and Great Britain and is deeply loved both at home and abroad.
Anshun 3 kinds of knives are choppers, scissors and leather knives. The body of this 3 kinds of knives is straight, the blade is sharp, the style is beautiful, and they are balanced steel and durable.
Specialties in Qiannan(south Guizhou) Miao-Buyi autonomous prefecture:
Dushan hydrochloric acid dish
The dish is one of the eight famous pickled dishes in China. It is popular with its unique combined flavor of sour, spicy, sweet and salty. It also enjoys a high reputation in the world. The Dushan pepper powder, fine vegetables, sticky rice rum, candy, alcohol, soda ash are the necessary materials to make the hydrochloric acid dish. Dushan hydrochloric acid dish is rich in protein and vitamin C. it is also being used for cooking fresh fish and meat, etc. its unique flavor can also arouse appetite.
Duyun Maojian tea
Duyun Maojian tea is produced in Dunyun, a southern city of Guizhou province. It is one of the treasures of China's famous tea for its beautiful appearance and unique style. Duyun Maojian tea has a long history of over 500 years in production. According to history books, in as early as the Ming dynasty, the tea had been a tribute to the imperial court, and loved by emperor Chongzhen. Plus, owing to its Fish-hook like tea bud shape, Duyun Maojian tea is also named Fish hook tea.
Pingtang Yazhou pottery
The production of Pingtang Yazhou pottery began in Hongwu period of Ming dynasty, with a history of more than 600 years. The pottery productions are daily life furnishings, animal toys and sacrificial vessels, of which the shapes are natural, the lines of the patterns are concise, and the colors are harmonious and soft. The pottery productions are also with the dense charm of cultural relics. Yazhou Pottery is bright in color and is rich with ethnic flavours, It is also unique in Chinese ceramics and is very artistic, ornamental and valuable.
Shandu sweet tea
Shandu sweet tea is elaborately produced through advanced equipments. Different from other traditional teas, the original leaves of Shandu sweet tea are mainly picked from rose plants in Shandu Shui Autonomous County. Besides beautiful appearance, excellent taste, Shandu sweet tea is also rich in amino acids and vitamin C and other elements the human body needs. Regular drinking of the tea can effectively improve the pollen allergy, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes and obesity. It is one of the most welcomed products by tourists.
Specialties in Qiandongnan(South-east Guizhou) Miao autonomous prefecture:
Leishan Silver-Ball tea
With beautiful appearance, Leishan Silver-Ball tea tastes fragrant and can be brewed times. The tea is made of one bud and two leaves of Qingming tea which is growing in more than 1400 meters above sea level, after being fried, the tea buds and leaves together become a ball with each 20 mm diameters. One tea ball brews at a time. It is also listed as one of the diplomatic gifts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China.
Taijiang pickled fish
Pickled fish is a specialty for the local Miao and Dong People in Taijiang County, Kaili city. The main material is the fresh carp carefully fed in the paddy field. the methods to make pickled fish are as follows: first, Take out the internal organs of the fish, then sprinkle with salt and pepper powder, rub the prepared liqueur and glutinous rice powder on top of the fish to a layer of sweet vinasse, and then cover and save it into the barrels. After half a month, it is advisable to fry it or eat it raw. The pickled fish in Taijiang is delicious with its special combined flavor of sweet , spicy, and salty.
Jiaoyao tea is a special product in Leishan county. The tea bud is small, green and fresh, the soup is clean and the sweet taste is lasting long. While brewing, the tea buds erect like a group of bamboo shoots with high ornamental value.
Huang ping Mud Whistle.
Huangping Mud whistles are the creations of Wu Guoqing, Miao people. The whistle products have more than 100 years of history. they are made from clay and made into various animal-like shapes. Huangping Mud whistles can be used for viewing as well as playing as a musical instrument. The whistles are also of a variety of colors and are welcomed by children, becoming as a kind of favorite souvenir of tourists for years.
Lusheng is one of the favorite ancient musical instruments of Miao and Dong minorites in southwest China.Kaili and other minority areas in Guizhou are known as the home of Lusheng. During their festivals, the Dong and Miao people would hold various of Lusheng acitivities to celebrate.
Specialties in Tongren City:
Yuping flute has a long history of over 400 years and won its name in as early as the Ming Dynasty. The flutes are the crystallization of the development of cultures of the Local Dong people, Han people, Miao people and Tujia people. Yuping flutes are mainly made by local high quality bamboos and have repeatedly won the prize in the International Handicrafts Exhibition for times. In 2006 it was included in the book of national intangible cultural heritage as the first batch.
Yinjiang Stone Carving.
The stone carving in Yinjiang county is famous around the world since Qing dynasty. Its main material is the purple jade belt stone. Both the two-dragon-like stone cup carving and the inkslab stone carving of Yinjiang brand have received many tourists' love.
Tongren Pearl Peanut
Unlike other kinds of peanuts, Tongren Pearl peanuts are named after its Pearl-like shape, and famous for their unique qualities. The production of Tongren pearl peanuts is extremely high and rich in amino acids. The protein content of the Pearl peanuts is reaching to 46% and the oil yield is high as well. The butter peanut and fried peanuts of the pearl peanut products are popular with tourists.
Shiqian Moss Tea
Shiqian county is one of the hometowns of tea in China, the production of tea here is just second to Meitan county, Zunyi city. In the long history of human history, the Shiqian people have accumulated rich experience of producing tea and gradually formed their own styles.The Moss tea can be devided into two types: the type of traditional hand-made and the type of techs-made.The shape of the former type is hard and flat, the color is green and smooth, the soup is yellow, green and bright, the later type is more natural and the soup is clean and yellow. In 2009, Shiqian moss tea won gold prize in the famous tea competition of Shanghai international culture festival, and in the same year, the moss tea won the gold medal in world green tea competition in 2009 held in Shizuoka, Japan, Which is the world's highest authority for green tea.
Fanjing Shan mountain tea
The Fanjing mountain tea is named after the Fanjing mountain in Tongren city. The tea includes green tea, black tea, white tea, oolong tea, and so on, but mainly known as the green tea. The unique natural ecological care of fanjing mountain, plus with the classical processing technology and rich cultures, helps the Fanjing Mountain tea form its own unique quality.
Specialties in Liupanshui City:
Langdai Bean Sauce.
Langdai bean sauce is mainly made of wheat flour, salt and high quality mineral water. No additives allowed during the process of elaborate producing. The flavor of Langdai bean sauce is attractive. The quality is safe and it is being a wonderful sauce condiment for salad and barbecue.
The Ginger-oriented products in Liupanshui city include instant ginger tea, wild ginger soup, etc. The main materials are the local yellow gingers growing in Natural protected area in Wumeng Mountain which ensures its nutrition the best of its kind all over the country. The Ginger-oriented products in Liupanshui city are natural green food.
Buckwheat is one of the abounding crops in Liupanshui city. It contains flavonoids and a variety of calcium and magnesium and other elements that are beneficial to the human body. The buckwheat noodles and buckwheat food have the function of lowering blood pressure and are welcomed by a majority of people.
Jizong mushroom, also known as the treasure in the mountain, are mainly growing in Panxian county and Shuicheng county, Liupanshui City. It is a delicious dish through stir-frying or making soup, the taste of which is delicate and long lasting.
Specialties in Qianxinan(Southwest of Guizhou) buyi-miao autonomous prefecture:
Xingyi Dahongpao Orange
Xingyi dahongpao orange is mainly growing in Xinyi city. Thin peels, delicate flesh, being juicy and sweet are the main features of Xiyi Dahongpao Orange. It is praised as the Crown of guizhou fruit
Guizhou Chun alcohol.
GuizhouChun alcohol is one of the most famous liquor of Xingyi local specialties. It is made through traditional solid fermentation technology with high quality sorghum and wheat and the local sweet spring water as the main material. The wine color is unchangeable with the addition of either ice or water, the taste is elegant and long lasting, the quality is good and the price is affordable. The iron box for Guizhou Chun alcohol is more fashionable, which is very fit to modern young people's wedding style. Guizhou alcohol has pioneered the low-grade tense flavored liquor, and is considered as a revolution in the history of Chinese liquor brewing industry.
Miao Embroidery tie.
Miao embroidery is a beautiful flower in the garden of Chinese national art. The traditional Miao embroidery is mainly clothing and daily household products, but the Miao embroidery tie in Xinyi city has its own characteristics of all the miao's embroidery products. The tie is exquisite, the color is elegant, and the design is wonderful. The Miao people’s embroidery tie in Xinyi city is one of the tourist's favorite products during the travel.
Specialties in Bijie City:
Jinsha tribute tea.
Jinsha tribute tea has a long history of over 2000 years. According to historical records, Jinsha tribute tea won the fame from the time of emperor Wudi of the Han dynasty (135bc) and it was becoming more popular in the Qing dynasty. Many experts of the province admit that Jinsha county should be the birthplace of the tribute tea culture of the west and even China. Till now, the county has also preserved more than 40 ancient tea trees with thousands of years of artificial cultivation, which are rare in the whole country.
Weining Qiaoshu Cake.
The main ingredients of Weining Qiaoshu Cake are buckwheat powder, white sugar, brown sugar, lard, vegetable oil, etc. There are many tastes types such as sugar-flavor type, rose-flavor type, ham-type etc. The annual output of Qiaoshu cake in Weining county is about 100,000 kilograms. Qiaoshu cake is also known as "golden shortcake" because of its golden color and also sold in the markets of the whole country. Weining Qiaoshu cake could be a main dish in the table and The cake also has the function of clearing away the heat and toxic material for the body.
Weining Ham in Bijie city is one of the traditional specialties with a long history of more than 600 years in Guizhou. The local Yi people love to raise pigs, cattle, sheeps in mountains. The local Kele pigs, owing to a large amount of exercise during the grazing, are well muscled and lean, which are smoked to hams by the local Yi people. The hams are delicate, the taste is delicious and appreaicted much.
Jinsha Huisha JIu(Wine).
Jinsha Huisha Jiu is an old brand with a long history in Guizhou province. The high quality sorghum is the main materia. Jinsha Huisha Jiu is another Moutai-flavour wine with a pure, elegant and long lasting taste. In 1960s, it was also considered as the Second Moutai of Guizhou.
Hezhang walnut is named after Hezhang County, which is 2900.6 meters above the sea level(the highest point of Guizhou). The walnuts are not in big size, but The high altitude, the long sunlight , the great temperature, and all other unique natural environment in Hezhang county give the walnuts much nutrition. Hezhang Walnuts are nitritious and the quality ranks high compared with its kind.